This is where the Greek root “eros” is used in the Septuagint and the New Testament:

This list of verses from the Septuagint contains the word “eros”. The version of the Septuagint that is used here is the LXX English Translation (Brenton). I employed the New Revised Standard for the apocryphal book “Wisdom”. The three NT uses are from the New American Standard. I accessed this through BibleWorks.


Here is an example of positive eros, concerning loving the woman, “Wisdom”:

LXE Proverbs 4:6 And forsake it not, and it shall cleave to thee: love it, and it shall keep thee.

This advice is echoed in the Apocryphal book of “Wisdom” which celebrated Solomon’s love for “wisdom”.

NRS Wisdom 8:2 I loved her and sought her from my youth; I desired to take her for my bride, and became enamored of her beauty.

This apocryphal book, “Wisdom” also uses eros to describe an elicit spiritual love affair.

NRS Wisdom 15:6 Lovers of evil things and fit for such objects of hope are those who either make or desire or worship them.

Here “eros” is used in, possibly, a positive manner…

LXE Esther 2:17 And the king loved Esther, and she found favour beyond all the other virgins: and he put on her the queen’s crown.

 “Eros” translates from ahavah in Hosea – eraston used to convey illicit love)

LXE Hosea 2:5 And their mother went a-whoring: she that bore them disgraced them: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, and my garments, and my linen clothes, my oil and my necessaries.

LXE Hosea 2:7 And she shall follow after her lovers, and shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: and she shall say, I will go, and return to my former husband; for it was better with me than now.

LXE Hosea 2:10 And now I will expose her uncleanness before her lovers, and no one shall by any means deliver her out of my hand.

LXE Hosea 2:12 And I will utterly destroy her vines, and her fig-trees, all things of which she said, These are my hire which my lovers have given me: and I will make them a testimony, and the wild beasts of the field, and the birds of the sky, and the reptiles of the earth shall devour them.

LXE Hosea 2:13 And I will recompense on her the days of Baalim, wherein she sacrificed to them, and put on her ear-rings, and her necklaces, and went after her lovers, and forgot me, saith the Lord.

(Here eros is used to translate agavim: illicit erotic love)

LXE Jeremiah 4:30 And what wilt thou do? Though thou clothe thyself with scarlet, and adorn thyself with golden ornaments; though thou adorn thine eyes with stibium, thy beauty will be in vain: thy lovers have rejected thee, they seek thy life.

The rest of these uses of eros in Jeremiah, Lamentations and Ezekiel translate a word derived from ahavah. The words are used to convey illicit lovers)

LXE Jeremiah 22:20 Go up to Libanus, and cry; and utter thy voice to Basan, and cry aloud to the extremity of the sea: for all thy lovers are destroyed.

LXE Jeremiah 22:22 The wind shall tend all thy shepherds, and thy lovers shall go into captivity; for then shalt thou be ashamed and disgraced because of all thy lovers.

LXE Lamentations 1:19 KOPH. I called my lovers, but they deceived me: my priests and my elders failed in the city; for they sought meat that they might restore their souls, and found it not.

LXE Ezekiel 16:33 She has even given rewards to all that went a-whoring after her, and thou hast given rewards to all thy lovers, yea, thou didst load them with rewards, that they should come to thee from every side for thy fornication.

LXE Ezekiel 16:36 Thus saith the Lord, Because thou hast poured forth thy money, therefore thy shame shall be discovered in thy harlotry with thy lovers, and with regard to all the imaginations of thine iniquities, and for the blood of thy children which thou hast given to them.

LXE Ezekiel 16:37 Therefore, behold, I will gather all thy lovers with whom thou hast consorted, and all whom thou hast loved, with all whom thou didst hate; and I will gather them against thee round about, and will expose thy wickedness to them, and they shall see all thy shame.

LXE Ezekiel 23:5 And Oola went a-whoring from me, and doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians that were her neighbors,

LXE Ezekiel 23:9 Therefore I delivered her into the hands of her lovers, into the hands of the children of the Assyrians, on whom she doted.

LXE Ezekiel 23:22 Therefore, Ooliba, thus saith the Lord; Behold, I will stir up thy lovers against thee, from whom thy soul is alienated, and I will bring them upon thee round about,

This is the list of where Eros is used in the New Testament…



We can find its use in the name, “Erastus”:

NAU Acts 19:22 And having sent into Macedonia two of those who ministered to him, Timothy and Erastus, he himself stayed in Asia for a while.

NAU Romans 16:23 Gaius, host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the city treasurer greets you, and Quartus, the brother.

NAU 2 Timothy 4:20 Erastus remained at Corinth, but Trophimus I left sick at Miletus.